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Let’s Encrypt supports IPv6 both for accessing the ACME API using an ACME client, and for the DNS lookups and HTTP requests we make when validating your control of domain names.
When making outbound domain validation requests for a domain that has both IPv4
and IPv6 addresses (e.g. both
AAAA records) Let’s Encrypt will always
prefer the IPv6 addresses for the initial connection. If the IPv6 connection
fails at the network level (e.g. there is a timeout) and there are IPv4
addresses available then we will retry the request with one of the IPv4
Incorrect IPv6 Addresses
Often domain owners will not be aware of an
AAAA record for their domain. If
the IPv6 address in the
AAAA record is incorrect it will affect the domain
Commonly the IPv6 address will be a different server than the IPv4 address where the ACME client is being run. Since the ACME client only configures the IPv4 server to respond to the challenge domain validation will fail when the IPv6 server is used.
In most cases the correct fix is to update the IPv6 address to point to the
server the ACME client is running on, or to remove the
AAAA record if the
domain is not intended to work with IPv6. There is not a way to request Let’s
Encrypt prefer IPv4, you must fix the misconfiguration.
IPv6 to IPv4 Retry Details
The IPv6 to IPv4 retry only occurs on connection timeouts, not on other types of error.
For example in the “Common Pitfalls” scenario above a retry will not occur if there is a webserver listening on the IPv6 address, but that webserver is not ready to answer the ACME challenge. In this case there would be no connection timeout accessing the IPv6 address and the challenge will fail without a retry because the incorrect response was returned.
To keep our CA software simple we only perform an IPv6 to IPv4 retry on the first request when validating “http-01” challenges. If you use redirects, the redirects will not get retry treatment.
For example if a domain name has an
AAAA record that always times out and an
A record with a webserver that redirects from HTTP to HTTPS then the IPv6 to
IPv4 fallback will not operate correctly. The first request to the domain will
properly fallback to IPv4, receiving a redirect from HTTP to HTTPS. The
subsequent request will again prefer the IPv6 address but will timeout without
falling back to IPv4. You can resolve this situation either by fixing the IPv6
misconfiguration or removing the HTTP to HTTPS redirect for requests to the ACME
HTTP-01 challenge path.
If you need help diagnosing an IPv6 related problem please visit our community forum.